Chip and Dale (also rendered as Chip ‘n’ Dale or Chip an’ Dale) are two anthropomorphic chipmunk brothers created at Walt Disney Productions in 1943. Their names are a pun based on the name of the famous 18th-century cabinet maker and furniture designer Thomas Chippendale. This was suggested by Bill “Tex” Henson, a story artist at the studio.
Of the two, Chip is portrayed as being safe, focused, and having a mind for logical scheming. Dale, by contrast, is more laid-back, dim-witted, and impulsive, and has a very strong sense of humor. Originally the two had a very similar appearance, but as a way to tell them apart, some differences were introduced: Chip has a small black nose and two centered protruding teeth, whereas Dale has a large dark red nose and a prominent gap between his buckteeth. Chip is also depicted as having smooth hair on top of his head while Dale’s tends to be ruffled.
In most cartoons, they are antagonists against Pluto, Mickey Mouse, or most often, Donald Duck. They were given their own series in the 1950s, but only three cartoons resulted under their name: Chicken in the Rough (1951), Two Chips and a Miss (1952) and The Lone Chipmunks (1954). The duo was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film three times in four years: in 1946 for Squatter’s Rights (against Mickey and Pluto), in 1947 for Chip an’ Dale and in 1949 for Toy Tinkers (both against Donald Duck).
Chip ‘n Dale: Rescue Rangers is an American animated adventure comedy television series produced by Disney Television Animation (formerly Walt Disney Television Animation). Created by Tad Stones and Alan Zaslove,
it featured the established Disney characters Chip ‘n’ Dale in a new setting. The series premiered on The Disney Channel on March 4, 1989, after a preview episode (“Catteries Not Included”) was aired on August 27, 1988. The series continued in September with a two-hour movie special, Rescue Rangers: To the Rescue, which was later broken up into five parts to air as part of the weekday run. The final episode aired on November 19, 1990.
On September 18, 1989, the series entered national syndication. From 1990 to 1993 reruns of the show were aired as a part of the Disney Afternoon lineup. Reruns were later shown on Toon Disney when the channel launched in 1998 but were removed in August 2008. The series’ entire run is available as part of Disney+ as of November 12, 2019.